1 Note average duration working in the sector values are based on mid-points of the answer options included in the survey questionnaire.

2 While a contract is not legally required, legislation requires that employers must give employees and workers a document stating the main conditions of employment when they start work.

3 Note this example provided by a survey respondent appears to describe a breach of working time regulations which requires a minimum of 11 hours rest between shifts. Rest breaks at work: Overview - GOV.UK (

4 From 2024 new legislation will require tips to be shared on an at least monthly basis.

5 This constitutes a breach in working time regulations which require a rest of at least 11 hours between shifts.